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Home Quick Facts about Sikhism

Quick Facts

Guru Sahiban (IK JOT)

  • 1st Patshahi, Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji
  • 2nd Patshahi, Sri Guru Angad Dev Ji
  • 3rd Patshahi, Sri Guru Amar Das Ji
  • 4th Patshahi, Sri Guru Ram Das Ji
  • 5th Patshahi, Sri Guru Arjun Dev Ji
  • 6th Patshahi, Sri Guru Har Gobind Ji
  • 7th Patshahi, Sri Guru Har Rai Ji
  • 8th Patshahi, Sri Guru HarKrishan Ji
  • 9th Patshahi, Sri Guru Teg Bahadur Ji
  • 10th Patshahi, Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji
  • Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji
Five Piaras (Beloved Ones)
Bhai Daya Singh Ji
Bhai Dharam Singh Ji
Bhai Himmat Singh Ji
Bhai Mohkam Singh Ji
Bhai Sahib Singh Ji
Five Piaras (Beloved Ones)
  • Bhai Daya Singh Ji
  • Bhai Dharam Singh Ji
  • Bhai Himmat Singh Ji
  • Bhai Mohkam Singh Ji
  • Bhai Sahib Singh Ji
Four Sahibzadas (Sons of Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji)
  • Sahibzada Ajit Singh Ji
  • Sahibzada Jhujhar Singh Ji
  • Sahibzada Zorawar Singh Ji
  • Sahibzada Fateh Singh Ji
Nitnem (everyday recitation)
  • Japji Sahib
  • Jap Sahib
  • Swaye Patshahi 10
  • Sodar Rehras
  • Kirtan Sohila
Five Kakars (K's)
  • Kes - uncut hair
  • Kangha - comb
  • Kirpan - sword
  • Kara - steel bangle
  • Kachha - shorts
Five Takhats (Seats of Sikh Religion)
  • Sri Akal Takhat Sahib Ji - Amritsar (Punjab)
  • Takhat Sri Kesgarh Sahib Ji - Anandpur (Punjab)
  • Takhat Sri Damdama Sahib Ji - Bathinda (Punjab)
  • Takhat Sri Hazur Sahib Ji - (Maharashtra)
  • Takhat Sri Patna Sahib Ji - (Bihar)
What/Who is a Sikh
Sikh, person who faithfuly believes in:
  • One Immortal Being,
  • Guru Sahiban Ji, Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji to Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji
  • The Guru Granth Sahib,
  • The Utterances and teachings of the ten Gurus, and
  • Khande di Pahul bequeathed by the tenth Guru, and who does not owe allegiance to any other religion.
Last Name of a Sikh
  • Man: Singh (a lion)
  • Woman: Kaur (princess)
Other Facts and Stats on Sikhism

From Punjabi sikh, "learner" or "disciple"

c. 1500 in India

Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji (1469-1539)

23 million

main location
Punjab region of India

original language

sacred text
Adi Granth (Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji)

spiritual leaders
Granthi Sahib Ji, Giani Ji, Gyani Ji

house of worship
Gurdwara Sahib (sikh temple)


ultimate reality
God (Ik Onkar, Nam)

purpose of life
Overcome the self, align life with will of God, and become a "saint soldier," fighting for good

Reincarnation until resolve karma and merge with God.

major holidays
Vaisakhi Day
Birthday of Guru Nanak
Birthday of Guru Gobind Singh

five cardinal vices
1. lust
2. anger
3. greed
4. worldly attachment
5. pride
1. John Bowker, ed., World Religions (DK Publishing, 1997).
2. "Ceremonies and Festivals." <>
3. "Sikh Festival Dates 2004 and 2005." infoplease. <>

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